Last week saw the coming together of the representatives from the least developed countries (LDCs) in Thimphu to discuss and endorse the agenda for the Conference of Parties (COP25) in Parque Bicentenario Cerrillos in Santiago de Chile, Chile from 2 to 13 December.
In the face of weedy initiatives from the rich and powerful countries to fight climate change, united call for action from the LDCs is becoming increasingly urgent.
Achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) stands to become increasingly challenging for the LDCs due to the realities of climate change. Dramatic interventions so have become necessary.
The representatives emphasised the need to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to limit global warming to 1.5°C. Because limiting global warming is feasible, the group will push forward the urgent need for rapid reduction in global emissions to avoid increased loss and damage due to climate change.
For the LDCs, adaptation and building resilience is critically important and that means heavy pressure on resources and capacity. For greater emission reduction, in Santiago de Chile, the LDCs will demand stronger policies and actions to achieve global net zero emissions by 2050.
Because climate change is a global problem, nations that have contributed significantly to it must take moral responsibility. Developed countries should provide significantly to the Green Climate Fund adaptation allocation for vulnerable countries including LDCs and “adaptation finance should be targeted towards countries whose ability to meet SDGs will be most hampered by climate change”.
In the meanwhile, stronger LDC voice is vitally important.
Climate change threatens to worsen existing poverty, widen inequalities and all dimensions of food security—availability, access, utilisation, and stability—will be affected. And this threatens to hamper the achievement of all the other SDGs. A study has estimated that climate change could leave more than 170 million undernourished by 2080.
For a landlocked and mountainous country like Bhutan, the impact of climate change can be devastating. Low crop productivity and climate-induced hazards have already begun to affect the lives of the people.
The Chile conference will not be easy for the LDCs. It has been found that developed countries have not done enough to mobilise 100 billion USD annually by 2020, which is expected to be one of the many points that the LDCs will continue to push for.
The success of the COP25 will, therefore, be determined by the ability of the LDCs call for and initiate global action on climate change.
[Source: http://www.kuenselonline.com/cop25-and-ldcs/ – Photo: DevNews]